What Are Impact Ankle Fractures: Examples & Treatment

While there are all kinds of ankle breaks that you can sustain just from walking or running, some of the more serious breaks are caused by high-impact situations such as car collisions or falling from extreme heights. With these kinds of ankle fractures, surgery is almost always required as a form of treatment. In this article, we are going to cover a few examples of high impact ankle fractures, what to expect from them, and the treatment you would need to heal properly.

4 Examples of High Impact Ankle Fractures

1. A Medial Malleolus Fracture.

A medial malleolus fracture is a break on the inside “bony knob” portion of your ankle (lower tibia). While this fracture can be caused by non-impact injuries, it is rare. In most cases, a high-impact must hit the inner ankle to cause it to break. One of the downsides with this type of break is that the ankle can become impacted or indented in addition to the break, driving the medial malleolus into the rest of the ankle joint. When this happens, bone grafting is often used to give the new bone a structure to grow on.

The symptoms of a medial malleolus fracture include immediate to severe pain, swelling around the ankle, tenderness to touch, inability to bear weight on the foot, visible displacement or deformity of the ankle, and bruising.

A medial malleolus fracture is diagnosed through a physical examination, which is followed up by a manipulation of the ankle. You may be given x-rays, although the symptoms are often pretty clear cut when it comes to this type of fracture.

When it comes to treatment, the majority of medial malleolus fractures require surgery as the lining of the bone (periosteum) will often fold into the f